Organic Farming is originated early in the 20th century in reaction with rapid changes in farming practices. Organic farming is a technique where cultivation of plants and animals is done through natural ways without usage of synthetic based fertilisers and pesticides. It helps in minimising the pollution and wastage.
Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and to promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all. In 1990 the market for organic food and other products has grown rapidly, reaching $63 billion worldwide in 2012.
To accrue the benefits of nutrients:
• Stay away from the genetically modified foods
• These are natural and have better taste as quality is more prioritized than quantity in farming.
• Helps in preventing antibiotics, drugs and hormones in animal products.
• Direct support to organic farming by purchasing products directly to gain profit and fulfil the benefits to both producers and consumers.
Environmental benefits of Organic Farming are:
• Discourages the environmental exposure to pesticides and chemicals.
• It Builds healthy soil.
• It helps in combat erosion.
• Fights with effects of global warming
• Supports water conservation and water health.
• Discourages algae blooms (HABs) as they result in adverse effects on health of people, marine animals and organisms.
• Supports animal health and welfare.
• It encourages in healthy biodiversity.
The main four principles of Organic Farming are Health, Fairness, Ecological Balance and Care.